Posts Tagged ‘blood pressure’

Parental smoking ups blood pressure (BP) of kids aged four and five

January 17, 2011

January 13, 2011/Lisa Nainggolan/Heartwire
Heidelberg, Germany — The preschool children of smokers have a 20% increased risk of having blood pressure in the highest normal value even after other risk factors are adjusted for, new research from Germany shows. This is the first study to show that breathing tobacco smoke increases the BP of children as young as four or five, says Dr. Giacomo D. Cimonetti (University of Berne, Switzerland) and colleagues in their paper published online January 10, 2011 in Circulation.

Simonetti, who conducted the research while working at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, told heartwire: “Parental smoking is not only negative for children’s lung function, it poses a risk to their future cardiovascular health…”

Insomnia

September 7, 2009

Author: Erasmo A Passaro, MD, Director, Comprehensive Epilepsy Program/Clinical Neurophysiology Lab, Bayfront Medical Center Florida Center for Neurology — Updated: Aug 3, 2009

Passaro reports morbidity and mortality consequences of chronic insomia in his article “Insomia”:
– Patients with insomnia report decreased quality of life compared with normal controls.
– Patients with insomnia report excessive fatigue as measured by the Fatigue Severity Scale and the Profiles of Mood Status.
– Patients with insomnia are more than twice as likely as the general population to have a fatigue-related motor vehicle accident.
– Increased occupational dysfunction and decreased work performance are likely due to chronic hyperarousal state or perceptions of sleep deprivation rather than actual sleep loss from insomnia. For example, unlike patients with chronic sleep deprivation from other causes, patients with insomnia report less excessive daytime sleepiness and less psychomotor and cognitive impairment.
– Knutson et al found that the quantity and quality of sleep correlate with future blood pressure. In an ancillary to the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort study, measurement of sleep for 3 consecutive days in 578 subjects showed that shorter sleep duration and lower sleep maintenance predicted both significantly higher blood pressure levels and adverse changes in blood pressure over the next 5 years.